Iordania, oficial denumită Regatul Hașemit al Iordaniei, este o țară arabă din Orientul Apropiat care se învecinează cu Siria în nord, cu Irak în nord-est, cu Arabia Saudită la est și la sud și cu Israel și Autoritatea Națională Palestiniană la vest. Împreună cu Israelul împarte coasta Mării Moarte, iar pe cea a Golfului Akaba (Eilat) al Mării Roșii, împreună cu Arabia Saudită, Israel și Egiptul, micul port Akaba fiind singura sa ieșire la mare. Singura graniță naturală a Iordaniei este râul Iordan, care împarte teritoriul în Malul de vest al Iordanului (Cisiordania) și Malul de est (Transiordania). Celelalte granițe, la nord, cu Siria, la est, cu Irakul și la sud-est, cu Arabia Saudită, au fost trasate cu rigla, după bunul plac și interesele colonialiste cuprinse în Acordul Sykes–Picot. Principala religie este islamul de rit sunit.
Delight in the culinary, artistic and religious cultures that blend together in the Old City, before tasting modern influences in the New City. You will find a wealth of inspiration here in the divided lands of Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in the world.
Take a surreal float in the naturally buoyant waters of the Dead Sea, landlocked between Jordan and Israel. With some of the greatest depths and salt levels of any lake in the world, allow time to absorb the magnificence of the experience and the dense minerals, long praised for their healing powers.
Explore the metropolis of Tel Aviv and its 1930’s Bauhaus buildings, which reflect the warmth of the city’s sultry temperatures. Watch the sun fade at one of many beach bars and taste delicious vegetarian cuisine on a rooftop with views of the pristine Mediterranean coastline. The party capital of the Middle East has a special buzz.
With treasures dating from pre-history to the present day, the Israel Museum dives deep with collections ranging from fine art to biblical archaeology. Witness the revered knowledge of the Dead Sea Scrolls, bask in an oriental art garden and admire works by names like Pablo Picasso and Henry Moore.
The brutalist box structure of the Tel Aviv Museum of Art is a masterpiece in itself. Inside, marvel at a prominent Israeli art collection and works spanning from the 16th century to the contemporary across various mediums. Don’t miss the Department of Photography or Old Masters collection.
An archaeological museum chronicling the culture of those mentioned in the bible, this private collection aims to use artefacts as evidence of biblical events. Spark your intrigue over Egyptian sarcophagi, Neolithic fertility figures and an array of antiquarian art.
To visit Israel without indulging in lightly fried chickpea balls would be the ultimate sin. The falafel has travelled far from its native shores, but nothing can compare to eating it here in its homeland, well seasoned and stuffed into a pita with pickled vegetables, tahini and hummus.
An accompaniment to most meals enjoyed in this part of the world, an Israeli salad is usually made up of diced cucumber, tomatoes and onion, drizzled with fresh lemon, olive oil and sumac or tahini depending on the time of day. It’s so delicious, you will eat it as a meal of its own.
First brought to Israel by the Sephardic Jews who cooked these delights in their native countries, Börek pastries are filled with salty cheese, mashed potato, mushroom, olives and more, typically finished with a sprinkling of sesame seeds. Test the temperature before you bite in, they are often served piping hot.